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Starting and running a profitable farm of any kind is never easy, and it’s certainly not cheap. A farm requires continual attention and management, and getting an agriculture loan for it is a chore in and of itself. Many lenders won’t grant money to just anyone who walks in the door with a plot of land in mind because farms require such attention and labor to stay afloat.
In reality, the mortgage approval procedure for any rural property—whether it’s for farming or residence—tends to be a little more involved and expensive than it is for the typical suburban home. Don’t let this deter you from following your aspirations, though, if you’re a want tobe farmer trying to establish your reputation. It is possible to obtain a mortgage for a remote property, and we’ll show you how.
What Distinguishes a Farm Mortgage from a Regular Acreage Mortgage?
According to recent surveys, housing costs are rising across numerous Canadian provinces. In fact, living in some urban areas has become so expensive that many residents are forced to leave the city in pursuit of more inexpensive housing, such as Greater Vancouver. After all, houses are more costly the closer you are to the Pacific Coast, so moving out to the country may be the only option for those hesitant to leave the province. Many times, purchasing a piece of undeveloped property in a place like Chilliwack and building a house there might be less expensive than taking out a mortgage on an existing house in Vancouver.
By purchasing that rural property, constructing a home on it, and then selling the entire thing when the value of the land ultimately increases, you might even be able to turn a respectable profit. Fortunately, residents of British Columbia can choose from a wide variety of rural towns in the province. However, you don’t necessarily have to build a barn and stock it with horses if you mortgage a rural property. A few key distinctions exist between residing in a rural home as your primary residence and using it for commercial purposes.
The property’s intended use is the key distinction between a farm mortgage and a “acreage” mortgage. Simply put, purchasing a rural property for farming purposes is distinct from doing so for residential ones. With either type of mortgage, the borrower can choose to mortgage a property that already has a home on it or a piece of “raw land” (a property without any buildings) to build a house on it.
Mortgages for Acreage
Regular acreage mortgages often require the land to be no larger than 10 acres and cannot be used to make a profit. Borrowers wishing to buy either vacant land or land with a house already constructed on it can put down as little as 5%, just like with a typical mortgage (depending on their lender).
Additionally, if they put down less than 20%, they will be required to buy default mortgage insurance, just like with a typical high-ratio mortgage. It will also be simpler to obtain a mortgage for a conventional acreage property because, in the case of a borrower failing, the lender only needs to offer them three months to leave the property before foreclosing, as opposed to the full twelve months on a farming property.
Agriculture Loan for Farmers
On the other hand, farm mortgage approval will be a little more challenging. First off, a down payment of 25% or more is typically needed for farm mortgages. When a borrower intends to use the land for farming, the lender will incur a significantly greater risk. After all, finding a working agricultural operation would need far more time, money, and resources than financing a regular home, so the borrower might find it more difficult to make their mortgage payments.
Borrowers/land investors are allowed to purchase as many acres of land as they choose when it is up for sale when it comes to any farmland. These borrowers may, however, only be able to obtain a mortgage for the first 10 acres, frequently with one house and one garage included in the agreement, depending on their lender. Unless they put down a significantly higher down payment, any additional land or structures beyond the one house and garage will be paid for out of their own pockets.
Assessment and Local Zoning
Now, prospective borrowers must have the property evaluated before anything can be done for any rural property mortgage, whether for farming or a typical acreage. The lender will likely have the region investigated in order to ensure that the property is worthy of their investment.
The appraiser will inspect the site, looking for any built dwellings or garages (appraisers are typically told not to factor in any outbuildings, such as barns or other structures when evaluating the property) as the size of the acreage itself. The property’s location, though, is even more crucial. For instance, if the borrower defaults and the property needs to be foreclosed, a rural property quite far away will be considerably more difficult to sell. The value of a property increases with proximity to a municipality.
The appraiser will also examine the property’s septic system and potable water supply. Water and sewage capacity are normally not a problem in a typical suburban home. However, regarding rural land, the availability of running, potable water is unquestionably a crucial consideration.
The installation of a well and septic system must be considered if the site is vacant, but you intend to build a house on it. The same is true for an existing rural home that needs its drinking water and/or septic system fixed or replaced entirely. Therefore, the borrower will need to obtain three documents in order to obtain the majority of lenders’ approval in this area:
Program under the Canadian Agriculture Loan Act
The CALA Program is the most popular program for guaranteed loans utilized by borrowers seeking a mortgage for farming or other agricultural uses. This government-supported initiative was established to assist farmers and agricultural cooperatives, commonly referred to as “farmer’s co-ops,” in obtaining loans to start and expand new farms or upgrade their current ones.
Farmers’ cooperatives can use these loans to produce, sell, and distribute agricultural goods. These loans are often issued and managed by mortgage lenders such as banks, credit unions, and “Caisses Populaires” (Quebec credit unions). They are typically disbursed within 60 days of being approved.
A single farm operation can obtain a loan through this program for up to $500,000 to invest in land, farming machinery, and the construction and/or improvement of farm buildings. For instance, a farmer may obtain an additional $150,000 to buy a plow or other equipment for his fields or livestock, even if he requires $350,000 to pay for the construction of a barn and grain silo.
A further $350,000 may be made available to the same operation for further loan purposes, such as consolidation or refinancing. A single agricultural cooperative may be granted a loan for their business of up to $3 million with the minister of finance’s consent. This loan guarantee program also benefits the lender because the Canadian government will cover up to 95% of the net loss on a Canadian agricultural loan.
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